This is of course an act, not only a thought. endobj 9 0 obj Personally, I find the Eastern tradition (along with Hume’s views) to be more compelling. The current version, Version 0.1, of this open source textbook in philosophy is a work-in-progress and is being released in draft form. ” Hence if this volume proves a stimulus to other thinkers to appreciate Shankara, the authoPs labour will be amply rewarded. By renouncing the ‘self’ and transcending the ego, one can obtain release from suffering (nirvana) and finally be at peace. In other words, our consciousness is a result of our ‘soul’, or of our ‘enduring self’. All Western philosophers prior to Socrates are known as the "presocratics". The self is a person considered as a unique individual. Philosophy 169: Eastern and Western Philosophy Reason, Suffering, and the Self T/H 4:15-5:30 Walsh 498 Instructor: Marcus Hedahl Office: New North 237 Office Hours: Thursdays 2-3 Midnight Mug or by appointment Just let me know – we’ll find a time that works! 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. It is evident that there exists a pluralism with respect to the existence of the self, as well as that some Western authors have similar views to the Eastern concept of the self … The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. The life philosophy, which goes back to the Heian period (794 to 1185 AD), can also be applied to a hobby or how you spend your time in retirement. I agree with Hume in his reasoning that “we have no real knowledge of a self and so [we] have no justification for claiming that we have a self. Like Buddha and David Hume, I too believe that everything is impermanent, including ourselves. Daniel N. Berkow. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … 2 0 obj uuid:0c6cbe0d-a9d4-11b2-0a00-10b5a2d6ff7f Philosophy. The philosophy of self defines the essential qualities that make one person distinct from all others. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. EASTERN PHILOSOPHY sna.syednomanali@gmail.com 2. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Freedom & Determinism; Against Free Will; Can A Machine Think? The 8 Eastern Philosophers Every Student Should Study. 12 0 obj The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. Hinduism is a major religion common in south Asian countries, like India and Sri Lanka. The pursuit of self-knowledge has an impressive philosophical pedigree both in the East and the West. Intro. 15 0 obj While the western tradition may make some fairly significant justifications for an ‘enduring self’, the Buddhist philosophy completely rejects the notion of a ‘self’ in general, viewing it as an illusion. Hume “argues that all real knowledge is based on what we can actually perceive with our senses” (Velasquez 104). That's an interesting topic and amazingly no one answered. Moreover, this self is the agent responsible for the thoughts and actions of an individual to which they are ascribed. There have been numerous approaches to defining these qualities. Philosophy of Mind; Personal Identity; Critical Thinking. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> 16 0 obj Even the cells and carbon atoms that make up our bodies change repeatedly. The Self in Ancient Philosophy 203 Ana Gavran Miloš IV SELF AS AGENT 10. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self … Everything is in a constant flux of change and impermanence, thus, the ‘enduring self’ cannot exist, because an ‘enduring self’ would imply something that is ‘permanent’ or ‘unchanging’. ‘The self’ may exist as a product of the mind, in other words, on a psychological level, but in all honesty I think even that definition might be stretching it. Specific self-defense responses illustrated in this document may not be justified in any particular situation in view of all of the circumstances or under applicable federal, state or local law. self-other demarcation and individual identity, and (c) centrality and sovereignty. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> PHILOSOPHY 6 I have worth. endobj Lesson 4: The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts 2. Richard C. Page. Heraclitus), in early Western philosophy a static view of reality was taken, with substance as the carrier of properties and the basis for identity of the self. The continuity of an individual arises through judging, as the result of her free will acting on the world. Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy (including Hindu philosophy, Jain philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, and Sikh philosophy), Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy which are dominant in East, South and Southeast Asia. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. Buddhist philosophy believes that everything in life is ephemeral, or that nothing lasts forever. Mentally and physically we are constantly changing, so I think that the idea of an ‘enduring self’ is nothing more than a mystical, idealistic concept. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. Confucianism • Confucianism is a system of ethics devised by the Chinese scholar K’ung Fu- tzu (Latinised to Confucius) in sixth century BC China. 2 With notable exceptions (e.g. This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my … traditional Buddhist philosophy. So, despite the many mental and physical changes that may occur during our life, we are essentially the same ‘self’ throughout our many developments. Finally, I suggest taking a beginning step toward the reconstruction of selfhood to enlarge our conception of the self and its place in society, nature, and philosophy.lander.edu: SITE MAP. 3 0 obj 4 Ibid. 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