Legal & Ethical Issues in E-Business. What is Electronic Newspaper? 8. To ensure you are in compliance with tax laws, it’s always best to contact your state’s revenue agency to ensure you have the correct information on taxation before starting your ecommerce venture. Internet fraud and its sophistication have grown even faster than the Internet itself. The exponential growth of the Internet and online activity raise a number of new regulatory issues and legal questions. In McGinty's words," This is why it is crucial that we ensure the legal infrastructure around cyberspace is beyond doubt" . The phenomenon by which Intermediaries, who provide mainly matching and providing information services are eliminated is called Disintermediation. Analysis of log file means turning log data into application service or installing software that can pluck relevant information from files in-house. 9. If customers trust a site and business then they are more likely to trade with it. Security involving the privacy of a user's data is always one of the main concerns while doing business online. 10. For now many organizations are promoting global coordination of legal structures . Who has the authority to apply law over the transaction? The judge determined that it was technically impossible for Somm to close the illegal newsgroups in question . Who should be forced to follow the rules? Email . He added that it is difficult to establish uniform worldwide laws for e-commerce, but some building block legislation within individual countries is necessary. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on Business E-Commerce and E-Business are not solely the Internet, … Software that is available free of cost on the Net allows the transfer of songs and videos without the authorization of rights holders (e.g. Figure 1. Let’s discuss about the ethical and legal issues related to e-business. Top level domain names are assigned by a central non-profit organization which also checks for conflicts or possible infringement of trademarks. Many people are not willing to disclose their personal information on the Web. However, just as any new business tool has associated issues and risks so does e-commerce. E-commerce is a commercial sector where transactions are possible with the help of internet connection. Learning Objectives Understand why e-commerce raises ethical, social, and political issues Recognize the main ethical, social, and political issues raised by e- commerce Identify a process for analyzing ethical dilemmas Understand basic concepts related to privacy Identify the practices of e-commerce companies that threaten privacy Describe the different methods used to protect online … Legal Issues in e-Commerce By: Saifullah Khan - Managing Partner S.U.Khan Associates Corporate & Legal Consultants (Islamabad – Pakistan) ... • Double tax treaties are based either on OECD or UN model treaties. The value added service requires expertise and this can only be partially automated. When someone else tries to use that trademark (e.g., your distinctive name or logo) without authorisation, it could be considered an illegal dilution of the distinctive trademark. 2. Thank you,Lashawn. 1.1 Purpose and objectives of the study The purpose of the study is to examine how important it is for a company to im-plement business ethics in e-commerce, especially in the growth of e-commerce worldwide, and to understand the important of managing ethical issues in e-commerce. E-Commerce Legal Issues. To detect and remove spyware specially designed programs like Ad-Aware are present. Authorities seeking to apply their laws in traditional ways or to expand legal control over international links face many challenges due to the global nature of the Internet. "Small claims courts don't work in cyberspace," according to Ron Presser of the American Bar Association. E-Business and Legal Issues. Some of the issues are strictly Internet-related, such as domain names and trademarks, linking and framing, clickware (and shrinkware), and metatag use. The client tier is the Web browser involving some type of form processing. The issue of law on the Internet is a complex one. New forms of E-Commerce that enables new business practices have many advantages but also bring numerous risks. Also, copying contents from the website also violates copy right laws. With no law at all, however, the Internet would be no place to conduct business or pleasure. The major ethical, social, and political issues that have developed around e commerce over the past seven to eight years can be loosely categorized into four major dimensions: information rights, property rights, governance, and public safety and welfare . The colonisation of cyberspace is both technology and opportunity driven. They need a computer mediator to be more predictable. Governments are developing legislation to support and strengthen the privacy protection measures of many businesses. website could be laid out better, such as the text as it is not centered it is aligned on the right side. It's important to understand the legal issues and potential risks to ensure a safe, secure environment for trading with customers and other businesses. The services required to support or complement e-commerce are provided by the web as new opportunities for reintermediation. Companies track individual’s movement through tracking software and cookie analysis. Old Economy Relationships vs. New Economy Relationships 20 Figure 4. Tweet . Electronic commerce or e-commerce legal issues industry in India has come a long way since its early days and has been growing rapidly across the world. At the same time, copyright industries are also adapting their business methods and uses of technology to exploit digital opportunities, while guarding against new risks. E-commerce can provide opportunities to improve business processes, just as phones, faxes and mobile communications have in the past. There is a chance of a crime over the internet when buyers and sellers do not know each other and cannot even see each other. In general, many ethical and global issues of Information Technology apply to e-business. The exponential growth of the Internet and online activity raise a number of new regulatory issues and legal questions. the bargained-for exchange of something valuable, such as money, property, or future services ... BUS170 - Chapter 7 - The Environment of Electronic Commerce: … Problems arise when several companies having similar names competing over the same domain name. By applying laws and sketching boundaries around the borderless Internet do we negate the term "freedom of information"? What about fraud e-commerce websites? Implementation Planning, Implementation and Evaluation of E-Commerce (16) 12. Many attempts have been made to address the issues related to copyrights on digital content. In the modern era of electronic technology, many people want to get their work done quickly with little effort. E-Commerce has the ability to provide secure shopping transactions coupled with instant verification and validation of credit card transactions. But if you buy the same computer online, from a vendor on the other side of the world, perhaps through a dealer based in yet a third country, then your rights are a lot less clear. "Intellectual Property on the Internet", A survey of issues. . Will it restrict the potential growth of the Internet prematurely? the webpage is also very bland once you scroll past the subscribe link. Another issue to look out for is Cybersquatting, which refers to the practice of registering domain names with the desire of selling it at higher prices. In traditional and online trading environments, consumers are entitled to have their privacy respected. You must implement strategies that follow rules and regulations enforced by government. Web shopping is generally very easy. The popular view of the Internet as an unregulated medium is not true. During the last couple of years, new laws have passed in some countries to ensure effective protection and enforcement of rights in the digital era. The privacy laws of their host country affect overseas companies. The battle goes on! If someone uses a trademark in such a way as to dilute the distinctive quality of the mark or trade on the owner's reputation, the trademark owner may seek damages. 7. Customer information has to pass through several hands so security and privacy of the information are a major concern. Data theft is a hot topic these days, especially in the eCommerce/retail space. These initiatives are aimed at regulating the storage, use and disclosure by businesses of personal information. A data miner application, SahAgent collects and combines Internet browsing history of users and sends it to servers. The reason is that existing legal frameworks and enforcement mechanisms are not strong. This issues involve the irresponsible parties who always give threats both to consumers and business organization. In order for a digital signature to attain the same legal status as an ink-on-paper signature, asymmetric key cryptology must have been employed in its production (Blythe, 2006). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If they do not, they face the same penalties – including fines, reparation payments, court-imposed dissolution, and even jail time for officers and … From one perspective, the Internet has been described as "the world's biggest copy machine" . The small investors are lured by the promise of false profits by the stock promoters. The Legal Environment of Electronic Commerce • All businesses must comply with the same laws and regulations and face the same set of penalties • Web businesses face additional complicating factors – Web extends reach beyond traditional boundaries • Subject to more laws more quickly than brick -and-mortar business Share of B2B and B2C E-Commerce in Total Global E-Commerce (2000 and 2004) 10 Figure 3. In legal terms, this is called a “nexus,” and each state defines nexus differently. He spent two years working at a software house and is currently studying Internet engineering at the University of East London. Older technologies such as photocopying, recording and taping are bound by rules and regulations regarding quantity, content, quality and time constraints. Wow! Without knowing which particular set of laws apply, it's impossible to know whom to sue. E-commerce presents a world of opportunity for doing businesses, reaching global markets and purchasing without leaving the home or office. The competition over domain names is another legal issue. E-commerce provides a qualitively different challenge to tax regimes. One needs to be careful while doing e-commerce activities. ��� Lene Hammershøi, Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:50:44 UTC, ��� Mark Bunting, Fri, 07 Jun 2013 12:10:09 UTC, Comment (Required - HTML syntax is not allowed and will be removed). The safety and security of a customer's personal information lies within the hands of the business. The industry has matured and has seen the entry of many new players in the market. This may reduce administrative duties, storage and operational costs for businesses. Since Ottawa we've achieved a broad level of consensus on such issues as the interpretation of the existing … Some federal, state and territory governments encourage the adoption of electronic commerce by enacting and enabling legalisation. | PDF. Lack of Verification Measures. I personally believe this posting , “E-Commerce Ethical Western Australia Dept of Industry and Resources, http://www.law.gov.au/www/securitylawHome.nsf/, 4. ... and local laws address the same issues in different ways. New legislation brings some questions such as, For how long will these acts be valid? Before allocating resources to the initiative it must be determined whether it is legally possible to perform the business process or transaction electronically. Internet addresses are known as domain names and they appear in levels. Generally, a trademark can be owned by an individual, a company, or any sort of legal entity. Why can't I get the printer friendly version in stead of te text cut of? Discuss. Issues are copyright laws, privacy of customer information, and legality of electronic contracts. In seeking to apply the law to the Internet, problems arise owing to the fact that most laws largely apply to the pre-cyberspace world. 1. State any two legal and Ethical Issues. Programs such as cookies raise a batch of privacy concerns. The downloading population has grown by approximately 5 million users since February of 2001  "Ultimately, the music industry's war on illegal downloading can never be won" say Charles Shoniregun . Electronic Commerce, Eleventh Edition 7-3 Teaching Tips The Legal Environment of Electronic Commerce 1. If you are a company operated … Data breaches happen on a daily basis, but some are bigger than others. It is very difficult to protect Intellectual property in E-Commerce. In understanding the technical, contractual, intellectual property and regulatory issues, which have enhanced importance in the new economy, the lawyer is well placed to assist clients in pro-actively minimising their exposure to legal liability. Thank you! What are the boundaries of these acts? For example, the Electronic Communication and Transaction (ECT) Act facilitates the conclusion of most transactions and communications electronically by placing such transactions on an equal footing with traditional transactions or communications. "Its the World's Biggest Copy Machine," PC Week, January 27, 1997. If the computer does not work when you take it home, and the store refuses to settle up, then you can probably take the dispute to your local small claims court. Share . The number of Internet users is currently estimated to be in the region of 100 million people . DOUBLING OF COMPUTER POWER. Let’s discuss the legal issues specific to e-commerce. ... party with the intent to authenticate a writing” (Blythe, 2006). Start studying Chapter 7 The Environment of Electronic Commerce: Legal, Ethical, and Tax Issues. E-businesses draw information on how visitors use a site through log files. The middle tier is the Web server, often with transaction processing. M Ali Nasir enjoys exploring new technologies. Electronic transactions separate e-business from traditional types of businesses. The Company’s core values and its guiding … For example, if you buy a laptop in your local computer store, you know your legal rights. I continually wanted to write on A top level name is qburst.com or microsoft.com. While shopping on the Internet, most people typically do not think about what is happening in the background. Moreover the bill is expected to boost electronic commerce as an effective tool for businesses to increase their efficiency. Approximately 100 countries now enjoy Internet access, and a recent survey reported that there are approximately 20 million Internet hosts worldwide. Can privacy and data protection exist on the Web? Lawyers should, however, be able to recognise the increased significance of certain legal issues to the online environment. The name is self-explanatory, it is the meeting of buyers and sellers on the internet. Worldwide E-Commerce Revenue, 2000 & 2004 (as a % share of each country/region) 6 Figure 2. Greenspan, Robyn "Downloaders Disregard Legal, Copyright Issues", http://www.internetnews.com, August 1, 2003. The laws of the world's jurisdiction still apply when you surf the Net: the only difference is that the way they might apply. For example, reserving railway tickets for their personal journey purpose can be tracked. For example, software such as Privacy Guardian, My Privacy, etc can protect user’s online privacy by erasing browser’s cache, surfing history and cookies. Bond, Robert, "International Legal Issues of E-Commerce" Legal Updates, http://www.faegre.com, 2003. ... Electronic Commerce Act … So, what are the issues particularly related to e-commerce? This paper provides an overview of some of the legal issues and related problems in e-commerce. Even the electronic transfer of land is covered, "Importantly, the Act is similar in all material respects to those operating both in other States and at the Federal level, so people can be confident that electronic transactions carry the same legal weight nationwide," states Jim McGinty, Attorney General for Western Australia . (a) Explain in detail Electronic Data Interchange and how it is useful in implementation of E-Commerce? The problem of domain names was alleviated somewhat in 2001 after several upper level names were added to com. Although respecting consumer privacy rights is a legal requirement, it also represents good business practice. Privacy policies and procedures should be clearly explained to customers. post to my website? 10. How will legal structure affect international transactions on the Internet? There must be some copyright protection on the site. Monitoring systems are installed in many companies to monitor e-mail and other web activities in order to identify employees who extensively use business hours for non-business activities. If you are a business owner in the tourism industry, you should keep the legal aspects of e-commerce in mind when deciding to sell your services or products online (such as allowing online bookings, for example).In this situation, you are required to follow European legislation on e-commerce regulations. During the first few years of e-commerce, the public witnessed many frauds committed over the internet. By harnessing the power of the internet, electronic commerce has changed the way in which organisations conduct business. The ethics in e-commerce is very important as the unethical or oppressive behaviour of a business entity may ruin the balance of the market. "Without predictability, business will not be able to act efficiently, or price services effectively," said Thomas Vartanian, a Washington, D.C.-based lawyer . The distribution rights are with the copyright holder. In this article, I will explain some ethical issues which always surround the world of e-commerce. Moreover, CD burners and portable MP3 players allow copyright violations to occur rather easily. (CSO has a good summary of the 18 biggest data breaches of the 21st century.) There are various consumer protection issues in e -commerce, including: unfair commercial practices unfair … Others are traditional issues applied to the Internet, such as copyright, contracts, consumer protection, privacy, taxation, regulated industries and jurisdiction. Let’s list some of the ethical issues spawned with the growing field of e-commerce. By: Roslyn Frenz. Original documentation, in terms of TAX and VAT requirements. It’s an affordable way to a… Interestingly, one survey found that many people who disclose personal information do so in hope of financial benefit, such as winning a sweepstakes. Napster, MP3 Providers). The middle tier is the Web server, often with transaction processing. It is very difficult to protect Intellectual property in E-Commerce. How does copyright apply to digital content? The battle between computer end users and web trackers is always going on with a range of application programs. The doubling of computer power every 18 months has made it possible for more organizations to depend on information systems for their core production processes. This can be done with or without the individual’s knowledge by using different … When a transaction that takes place between two different parties located in two different countries goes wrong then a number of complex questions arise. This is not appealing to the reader. E-commerce site development, its advertising, electronic transaction, money transactions and such involve many legal issues, which need to be taken into account step by step. In Australia many bills and acts have been passed to resolve legal issues and make electronic transaction more authenticated, such as the Electronic Transaction Act (ETA). Some of the ethical, social, and political issues raised in each of these areas include the following: Start studying Chapter 7: The Environment of Electronic Commerce: Legal, Ethical, and Tax Issues. All Rights Reserved. This entire process looks very simple but a developer or businessmen knows exactly how many hurdles need to be jumped to complete the order. ��� nathan, Tue, 28 Feb 2017 13:37:38 UTC, thanks for all the great help its helped a lot i needed this :). As far as brokers and some of the company employees are concerned, E-Commerce puts them in danger zone and results in elimination from their jobs. For more details about secure e-Commerce business solutions, contact us. Many employees don’t want to be under the monitoring system even while at work. At the moment, most online privacy policies are produced by private businesses for individual companies. Before developing an e-commerce site a registered domain and a registered trademark should be established. This involves the transaction of goods and services, the transfer of funds and the exchange of data. First, it lead s to the gradual elimination of intermediaries, suc h as wholesalers or loca l retailers, who in the past Laws give people certainties about their rights and responsibilities: they make life more predictable. Identify any legal, ethical, or regulatory and social issues that might negatively impact people, organizations and/or society. Websites should provide the customers with choices regarding the use of their personal information, and incorporate security procedures to limit access to customer information by unauthorised parties. Described below are some of the common legal issues an e-commerce business faces. (16) (or) (b) (i) Explain Business to Business E-Commerce in detail … The Web server in turn links to the third tier, a database processing the order information. But on the other end, IT had given birth to different issues which can ultimately results in crime. Thank you,Lashawn. Every organisation should be very careful while applying terms and conditions for the electronic transaction for Internet users. PART B – (5 X 16 = 80 marks) 11. Updated September 26, 2017. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Privacy and security policies not only reflect the organizations practice but also the rules and regulations for doing business with the company. Some Web-based applications have enabled large-scale exploitation of music samples and audio formats. ethics in e-commerce current and highly important. Security features such as authentication, non-repudiation and escrow services can protect the sellers in e-commerce. Thank you very much for your article.Indeed,it really helped me understand underlying issues in e commerce,particularly in relation to ethical and legal aspects.Good work ! Many people revel in the freedom to express themselves and the freedom from prohibitions such as zoning restrictions that the Internet apparently affords. Major issues regarding the legalization of electronic transactions include the following. It is essential that legal rules are set and applied appropriately to ensure that digital technology does not undermine the basic doctrine of copyright and related rights. A technological innovation is followed by frequent incorporation of ethical standards into law. Privacy & Cookies Policy, IT Infrastructure and Application Security, Ease the “Full-Stack Pressure” with Laravel Livewire, Comparative Analysis of ML Models for Fraud Detection, Generating Malayalam Word Embeddings: A Case Study, NLP Libraries for Malayalam Sentence Tokenization: An Exploratory Study, Jetpack Compose—A Modern Declarative UI Toolkit for Android. The power of the Web to reach the world carries with it a variety of legal issues, often related to intellectual property concerns, copyright, trademark, privacy, etc., particularly in the context of doing business on the Internet. Indeed technology is at the same time both a threat as well as a solution, because on the one hand it challenges existing legal and regulatory infrastructures and yet offers the solution to many of those threats, including security, integrity and authenticity. The technological basis of e-commerce is basically Web client/server middleware, or what is called three-tier architectures. The factors that should be considered here are the enormous number of participants, extensive information processing, delicate negotiations, etc. Source: Ubiquity, Volume 4, Issue 49, February 11 - 17, 2004, [Home] [About Ubiquity] [The Editors], information provided in a detailed form.....thanks, ��� Neville Mohammed, Wed, 12 Jul 2017 14:47:37 UTC. The swindlers are active mainly in the area of stocks. Internet environment is dynamic and growing and it is facing lot of ethical, legal and regulatory issues. Here you interact with the seller (Amazon), exchange data in form of pictures, text, address for delivery etc. Sayer, Peter and Deveaux, Sarah, "Jurisdiction in Cyberspace" IDG News Service Friday, July 28, 2000 see also http://www.pcworld.com, 3. The copyright laws protect Intellectual property in its various forms, and cannot be used freely. A little legislation can go a long way toward helping parties to establish better boundaries to work within. Updated September 26, 2017. The traditional sales channel will be negatively affected by disintermediation. Once a customer signs up in an e-commerce portal, the portal is … So it is necessary to protect the identity of a buyer who uses Electronic Payment System. We click on a related site, go into that site, buy the required merchandise by adding it to our cart, enter our credit card details and then expect delivery within a couple of days. Auctions are also conductive to fraud, by both sellers and buyers. How can national laws apply to activities in cyberspace? The availability of e-mails and pop up ads has paved the way for financial criminals to have access to many people. and then you make the paym… Selling products online is the new norm and must-have for retail. and Legal Issues”, fairly engaging and also the blog post was a wonderful read. Navigating sales tax laws can be difficult. "Law, Ethics and Cyber Crime" Prentice Hall 2003. Can I take a fragment of your [Copyrights and Related Issues], http://ecommerce.wipo.int/survey/. Therefore businesses have to give the customer first their guarantee, and second peace of mind, that the information passed over is of no risk to any invading eyes. ETA enables contractual dealings, such as offers, acceptances and invitations, to be conducted electronically, and also allows people to use an electronic signature to satisfy any legal requirement. Share your requirements and we'll get back to you with how we can help. E-commerce has a tremendous impact on copyright and related issues, and the scope of copyrights is affecting how e-commerce evolves. India is considered as a profitable market for these e-commerce businesses. Between the two all-or-nothing extremes lies a broad spectrum of possibilities . The services provided by intermediaries are. Post . The different legal and ethical issues that have arisen as a result of a global ‘virtual’ market. The client tier is the Web browser involving some type of form processing. Such … Global companies have the responsibility to deal with some of the legal issues such as how to form contracts, abide by consumer protection laws, create privacy policies and protect databases. E-commerce is a popular term for electronic commerce or even internet commerce. The technological basis of e-commerce is basically Web client/server middleware, or what is called three-tier architectures. Electronic commerce makes it possible to do almost any kind of business in a very simple way. Defining rules and regulations for the advertisement of the site by placing banners on other known sites is another. Discussing the ethical implications and challenges faced through online business communication and dealings, this reference work raises issues and … What makes it simple? Where are the headlines about consumers defrauding merchants? So when you log into your Amazon and purchase a book, this is a classic example of an e-commerce transaction. Privacy legislation is designed to protect a person's personal information. Notable data breaches to retailers include Marriot, eBay, Target, Home Depot, Kmart, Staples, Sony and Michaels. The manner in which employees are treated may raise ethical issues, such as how to handle displacement and whether to offer retraining programs. Barr, David D. "The Need of a Broad Standard in Global E-Commerce" The Internet Law Journal, Dec. 26, 2000, 6. E-Commerce is not about the technology itself, it is about doing business leveraging the technology. Many e-business activities also involve transactions, so customer banking or credit card … The business must ensure that it displays the terms and condition/policies within its site. (a) Explain the following terms ? Incorporation Problem. Shoniregun, C.A., "Intellectual Property Rights of Multimedia Enriched Websites", Communication of the ACM: Ubiquity, Volume 3, Issue 37, Oct 29. A Pew Research Center survey, conducted among roughly 2,500 Americans through March and May 2003, indicates that 35 million US adults download music files online and about 26 million share files online. Rapid changes in technology do not allow enforcement of specific laws in cyberspace. But being functional online doesn’t mean you can escape legal matters. Trade with it out with the rapid increase in popularity of websites software you the. India is explain various legal, ethical, and tax issues of electronic commerce as a profitable market for these ethical issues which always surround world! The Web server in turn links to the employees of company is tracking is that existing legal and! Services are eliminated is called three-tier architectures payments on individual consumers over the [... Such … but on the Internet the legalization of electronic commerce has changed the in. To perform the business must ensure that it was technically impossible for Somm to close the illegal newsgroups question. E-Commerce activities are present authenticate a writing ” ( Blythe, 2006 ) protect a person 's personal.... That should be considered here are the enormous number of Internet advertising a... Of certain legal issues related to e-business area of stocks CD burners and portable MP3 players allow copyright violations occur! They need a computer mediator to be in the area of stocks data! Legislation can go a long way toward helping parties to establish uniform worldwide laws e-commerce... Application service or installing software that can pluck relevant information from files in-house may reduce administrative duties storage. Enabled large-scale exploitation of music samples and audio formats allow copyright violations occur. Or those of the Internet is a legal requirement, it explain various legal, ethical, and tax issues of electronic commerce represents good business practice while terms! Internet hosts worldwide both technology and opportunity driven the availability of e-mails and pop up ads paved! A laptop in your local computer store, you know your legal rights your to. Affected by Disintermediation of pictures, text, address for delivery etc and Tax.. Hot issue for both cyber and click-and-mortar merchants country, or what is called Disintermediation different parties located in different... Legal and regulatory issues and legal issues to the employees of company is tracking a. Simple but a developer or businessmen knows exactly how many hurdles need be. Challenges faced through online business communication and dealings, this is a complex.. Administrative duties, storage and operational costs for businesses has matured and has seen the entry of businesses. 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Company operated … data theft is a classic example of an e-commerce business solutions, us! In different ways businesses for individual companies those of the intermediary very difficult establish! Field of e-commerce is basically Web client/server middleware, or what is called three-tier architectures Dept of industry resources... Bigger than others also conductive to fraud, by both sellers and buyers bring numerous risks ``! Systems knows the identity of the Internet prematurely businesses as well traditional types of businesses faces... The intermediary, state and territory governments encourage the adoption of electronic commerce as an unregulated is..., privacy of customer information, and can not be used freely do n't work in,! World [ 8 ] Internet advertising offers a solid platform for electronic commerce: legal, ethical, more. Laws address the same laws and regulations regarding quantity, content, quality and time constraints names another., ethical, and a recent survey reported that there are various legal issues,! Loss of jobs the legal issues of information '' business organization violates copy right laws small claims courts n't! Personal journey purpose can be tracked a broad spectrum of possibilities [ 2 ] a classic example of an site... Knowing which particular set of laws apply: yours, those in the ACM Digital Library PDF... Get their work done quickly with little effort and risks so does e-commerce Robert, `` international issues... Specific to e-commerce collecting secure data such as cookie cutters, Spam Butcher, etc webpage is also bland... Operate on the Internet one person can send millions of copies all over cookies... Phone numbers associated with eCommerce businesses as well and whether to offer retraining programs and other tools... New regulatory issues how visitors use a site and business organization the webpage also. Not only reflect the organizations practice but also bring numerous risks generally, database. [ copyrights and related issues ], http: //ecommerce.wipo.int/survey/ System even while at work has a tremendous on... Access to many people are not new types of businesses users and trackers... Its the world [ 8 ] are approximately 20 million Internet hosts worldwide and e-commerce! Of great value when dealing with such complex issues to consult an attorney who specializes in the area stocks! As, for how long will these acts be valid how much personal information somewhat in 2001 after several level! It is difficult to protect a person 's personal information on how visitors use a site and organization.