The growing opposition to the Vietnam War was partly attributed to greater access to uncensored information through extensive television coverage on the ground in Vietnam. domino theory: This was based on the idea that countries on the brink of communism were waiting to fall to communism one after the other. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. Groups such as Clergy and Laity Concerned focused on organizing a crusade against the war that encompassed all individuals regardless of race, gender, or creed. He rejected sending African Americans to fight in a war abroad when the United States failed to protect their basic liberties at home. Additional opposition groups joined the movement, and, eventually, the National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam was created to organize the antiwar campaign. But during the Vietnam War, public sensitivity to the number of dead and apathy toward the conflict actually decreased support for what the American public … They advocated early use of strategic bombers on strategic targets, aided by naval bombardment, mining, blockades to knock out North Vietnam's relatively modest military-industrial complex, destroying their ports, destroying their surface-to-air missiles at the beginning of the war. According to History Learning Site, some cons of the Vietnam War included its bloody guerrilla warfare, the loss of innocent lives, the draft-- which removed men's choice to serve-- and the belief that it was not the United States' war to fight. Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) was founded in 1967 and quickly became one of the most visible antiwar groups of the 1960s and 1970s. The North refused. Anyone can earn © copyright 2003-2020 just create an account. Leadership and Management Online Degrees: What's the Difference? Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working-class war. Egregious memories of then-Senator Joe Biden's staunch opposition to desegregation and busing still disturb me, but worse was his hostility towards helping Vietnamese war refugees after that war… Beyond opposition to the draft, anti-war protesters also made moral arguments against the United States’ involvement in Vietnam. Drag and drop events in Indochina leading . Members of Students for a Democratic Society, or SDS, led by Tom Hayden and Carl Oglesby, were among the first to challenge the American involvement in Vietnam. They wanted the war to end quickly. Opposition came as a result of the irony of liberal/democratic America - since many American human rights failed to serve its own people/minorities - and war veterans !! The war in Vietnam had an effect on those elections. U.S. involvement in Vietnam occurred within and because of the larger context of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. View 4.docx from HISTORY 1302 at Houston Community College. Prelude to the American War. The reasons behind American opposition to the Vietnam War fell into several main categories: opposition to the draft; moral, legal, and pragmatic arguments against U.S. intervention; and reaction to the media portrayal of the devastation in Southeast Asia. For example, a leading newspaper writer, James Reston, said President Johnson was carrying out an undeclared and unexplained war in Vietnam. Worth mentioning was the Kent State Shooting which led to the death of four students, making the outcome of the students against the Vietnam war highly disputed. Several ran against him in the primary elections held before the party's presidential nominating convention. While many nations are suffering enormous economic contractions and running to the International Monetary Fund for financial rescues, Vietnam is growing at a 3 percent annual pace. Due to the draft, U.S. troops numbered 540,000 by 1968. The right thing, 24%; stayed out, 60%. The American people did not feel like their government was being held accountable. Religious opposition to the war also mounted during 1966. Writer James Reston commented that the anti-war demonstrations were not helping to bring peace to Vietnam. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? This set the stage for the massive antiwar demonstrations at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in August of 1968. 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